While Juárez was president, Napoleon and Mexican conservatives invited Maximilian I to reign as emperor. Juárez fled north to set up a government-in-exile and was granted special powers to combat French forces.
In response to the French invasion and the elevation of Maximilian as emperor of Mexico with the support of Mexican Conservatives, Juárez sent General Plácido Vega y Daza to California to gather Mexican American sympathy for the plight of republican Mexico. Maximilian offered Juárez amnesty and later even the post of prime minister, but Juárez refused to accept a government “imposed by foreigners” or a monarchy. The government of the United States was sympathetic to Juárez, refusing to recognize Maximilian and opposing the French invasion as a violation of the Monroe Doctrine, but its attention was entirely taken up by the American Civil War. Juárez’s wife, Margarita Maza, and their children spent the invasion in exile in New York where she met several times with U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, who received her as the First Lady of Mexico. Although much has been made of a connection between Juárez and Abraham Lincoln, the two presidents who shared humble social origins never met and exchanged no correspondence. Following the end of the war, U.S. President Andrew Johnson demanded the French evacuate Mexico and imposed a naval blockade in February 1866.
Next week, we’ll look more closely into the Mexican Revolution.
Federico Viticci writing at Macstories:
Apple acquiring Workflow could be a pivotal moment for iOS automation and productivity apps. Two years after the release of Workflow 1.0, we’re at a crossroads: Workflow has shown us a future where automation means an intuitive GUI, native integrations with iOS, and none of the baggage of desktop scripting. There’s a special beauty in Workflow’s underlying message: anyone, whether they consider themselves “programmers” or not, can make a computer their own. The software we use every day doesn’t have to be a static experience; with automation and creativity, any app can be remixed, extended, and personalized to our needs.
Workflow gives power back to the users. Now only Apple can turn Workflow’s promise into a reality, ushering us into a new era of automation for everyone, on every device, in every app.
Federico runs through some possible scenarios with Workflow and Apple; the worst and best options, and an alternative idea that he dubs WorkflowKit. It’s exciting to think where this partnership could go for iOS users.
Josh Harkinson writing for Mother Jones:
[Senator] Flake has argued that the FCC rules could “limit consumer choice, stifle innovation, and jeopardize data security by destabilizing the internet ecosystem.” Ajit Pai, Trump’s FCC chairman, has argued that the rules put ISPs at a disadvantage to internet companies such as Google and Facebook, which are able to harvest and monetize personal information more freely.
But privacy advocates say stricter rules for ISPs make sense. “Google doesn’t see everything you do on the Internet (neither does Facebook, for that matter, or any other online platform)—they only see the traffic you send to them,” according to an explainer on the rules by Electronic Frontier Foundation. “And you can always choose to use a different website if you want to avoid Google’s tracking. None of that is true about your ISP… That’s why we need the FCC’s privacy rules: ISPs are in a position of power, and they’ve shown they’re willing to abuse that power.”
This is bad news for consumers. I recommend subscribing to a VPN service like Cloak.
Night mode has arrived on Among the Stones! I haven’t found the optimal place for the button yet but you can find it on the bottom of each page.
Inspired by a good friend’s relocation to Cuernavaca, upcoming travel plans, and a realization that I don’t know much about our neighbors down South, the next few WikiLinks will be devoted to Mexico. I’ll occasionally post an entry from my favorite thing on the internet, Wikipedia. I did this a few months ago but it’s back with only one entry each week.
I’m really interested in lesser-known events and personalities in world history. I never read about Maximilian I in my high school history classes. So, onward.
France (along with the United Kingdom and Spain, who both withdrew the following year after negotiating agreements with Mexico’s “democratic” government) had invaded Mexico in the winter of 1861, as part of the War of the French Intervention. Seeking to legitimize French rule in the Americas, Napoleon III invited Maximilian to establish a new Mexican monarchy for him. With the support of the French army, and a group of conservative Mexican monarchists hostile to the liberal administration of new Mexican President Benito Juárez, Maximilian traveled to Mexico. Once there, he declared himself Emperor of Mexico on 10 April 1864.
Maximilian was one of two emperors in Mexico’s history. He was an Austrian aristocrat with no ties to Mexico. With only three short years in power, he never fully defeated the Mexican Republic and was executed in 1867.